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新航道北京学校 > 托福培训 > 托福词汇 > 托福词汇不同词序语义有什么不同?

托福词汇不同词序语义有什么不同?

最近更新时间:2021-03-19 17:31:26来源:新航道北京学校

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  托福词汇不同词序的语义有什么不同!今天新航道小编为大家举例说明一下词序的变化是如何影响到语义的,大家可以认真阅读。

  ① Even the government officers admitted that some tax measures were unfair.

  ② The government officers admitted that even some tax measures were unfair.

  第一句的意思是:每个人,包括政府官员,都承认有些税务措施不公平。第二句的意思是:政府官员承认,许多事情,连税务

  措施在内,都不公平。前者焦点在“人”;后者则在“事”。

  ③ The couple don‘t have much money to spend on their foreign trip.

  ④ The couple don‘t have to spend much money on their foreign trip.

  第三句说“钱不够用”;第四句却说“不必多用钱”。“没有钱可花”和“有钱不必多花”,呈强烈对照,词序的影响,由此

  可见一斑!

  ⑤ The committee as a whole pointed out that the world economic situation had improved.

  ⑥ The committee pointed out that the world economic situation as a whole had improved.

  第五句指的是“全部的委员”;第六句却影射“整体的经济局势”。同样一个片语,

  所指有所不同。

  ⑦ In vain did David try to prevent the job from being done.

  ⑧ David tried to prevent the job from being done in vain.

  ⑦里的“in vain”(无结果)指的是大卫的行动;⑧里的不是指人的行动,而是指“在进行中的工作”。

  ⑨ Approaching the shop, Helen noticed two strangers.

  ⑩ Helen noticed two strangers approaching the shop.

  ⑨里讲的是“海伦走向银行时,注意到两个陌生人”;⑩里指的是“两个陌生人走向银行时,引起海伦的注意”。

  (11) I may visit a sometime lecturer of English language.

  (12) I may visit a lecturer of English language sometime.

  (11)里的“sometime”是形容词,意思是“以前的”;(12)里的“ sometime”是时间副词,意思是“某时候”。前者可以改

  成“former ”或“previous”;后者就要变为“at a certain time”了。

  最后,请问下列二词,哪个是“防暴警察”?哪个是“警察暴动”?

  A: RIOT POLICE

  B: POLICE RIOT

  Answer: A 防暴警察

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