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托福词汇代词实用方法指导!

最近更新时间:2021-03-19 17:31:26来源:新航道北京学校

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  托福词汇代词实用方法指导!今天新航道小编主要以例句的形式为大家纠正一下托福词汇代词的错误用法,希望大家在平时多加注意。

  代词是代替名词或一句话的一种词类。大多数代词具有名词和形容词的功能。英语中的代词,按其意义、特征及在句中的作用分为:人称代词、物主代词、指示代词、反身代词、相互代词、疑问代词、关系代词、连接代词和不定代词九种。下面小编为大家列举了几种考生最容易出错的代词的用法,并对其进行了纠正,相信大家会有所收获。

  1.中文:伦敦的夏天比我家乡的夏天更热。

  (误)London is much hotter in summer than my hometown.

  (正)It is much hotter in London in summer than in my hometown.(用it代表气候,天气等。)

  2.中文:他的书跟我的很不一样。

  (误)His book is quite different from me.

  (正)His book is quite different from mine.(mine = my book,应保持比较的双方性质的一致。)

  3.中文:我有件重要的事告诉你。

  (误)I have important something to tell you.

  (正)I have something important to tell you.(修饰something,nothing,anything等不定代词时,形容词应放在其后。)

  4.中文:每个学生都应该做他自己的功课。

  (误)Every student should do their own homework.

  (正)Every student should do his own homework.(every student是单数,其后的代词也用单数。)

  5.中文:我喜欢收到别人的来信,但不愿意写信。

  (误)I like to receive letters but do not like to write it.

  (正)I like to receive letters but do not like to write them.(代词的人称与数应与它代替的名词相同。)

  6.中文:孩子们和他都还没有吃晚餐。

  (误)Neither the children nor he has ever eaten their supper.

  (正)Neither the children nor he has ever eaten his supper.(neither...nor是对等相关连词,nor后面的主语决定后面的谓语动词及代词的形式。)

  7.中文:布朗太太向她的朋友玛丽和我打招呼。

  (误)Mrs. Brown said hello to her friends, Mary and I.

  (正)Mrs. Brown said hello to her friends, Mary and me.(Mary and me是宾语friends的同位语,因此用宾格形式。)

  8.中文:我的两个姊姊都不在这。

  (误)None of my two sisters is here.

  (正)Neither of my two sisters is here.(neither用于两者的否定;none用于三者以上的否定。)

  9.中文:他认识我的两个姊姊。

  (误)He knows my both sisters.

  (正)He knows both my sisters.(both用在the,his,my等修饰语之前。)

  10.中文:这本书的价格是多少?

  (误)How much is the price of the book?

  (正)What is the price of the book?(对价格提问用what,没有price一词时用how much。)

  11.中文:我有一本新字典还有几本旧的。

  (误)I have a new dictionary and several old one.

  (正)I have a new dictionary and several old ones.(代替前面提到过的可数名词,复数要用ones。)

  12.中文:安迪,保罗和我共唱一首歌。

  (误)I, Andy and Paul sang a song together.

  (正)Andy, Paul and I sang a song together.(有多个主语或宾语时,I或me在最后。)

  13.中文:他们很了解我们中国人。

  (误)They know our Chinese well.

  (正)They know us Chinese well.(Chinese为宾语us的同位语。)

  14.中文:说好英语不容易。

  (误)That is not easy to speak good English.

  (正)It is not easy to speak good English.(it当形式主语,代替不定式。)

  托福代词是考试中比较常见的词汇,希望大家可以通过上文知道上文的实用方法,争取在托福考试中取得优异的成绩。

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