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托福写作这样开头,考官看完只想给fair!

最近更新时间:2021-03-19 17:31:14来源:新航道北京学校

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关于托福独立写作,

很多人都忽略了开头段的重要作用

能够让阅卷人先入为主的对你的作文留下好印象

能让阅卷人第一时间清楚整篇作文的主题和方向

能用不到100字,却让阅卷人对你的语言表达实力作出初步评价

 

开头段写得好,相当于赢在了起跑线上!

开头写得不好,考官看完只想给你fair

 

所以今天的我们

直接来聊一聊:

满分开头的要素是啥?

第一要素:介绍背景

这一步的目的是在开篇引入主题。

介绍背景的方法有很多,最常见的是“上位词”法。

具体来说:根据题目中的关键词们,我们需要快速确认出题目所问的主题,然后写一到两句的介绍背景性质的话(后面还会有Emma老师的具体例子哟~

 

TIPS:

同学们可以记一些常用的开头句型,然后多多去应用,去熟练,这样考场上才能迅速写出背景介绍的句子。

比如:

☑ People have long been interested in doing sth.

☑ In recent years, much more attention than ever before has been paid to ….

☑ Undoubtedly, more and more …. be developing a wide range of skill …..

第二要素:点明矛盾

 

这一步的主要目的是点题!

点明矛盾的写作方法也分多种,最常见的是运用他人观点。

 

比如:

☑ There is much controversy over whether to be equipped with one skill or to master a variety of skills so as to achieve personal success.

☑ People have not reached a common agreement over whether it is one skill only or multiple skills that lead to a person’s success.

 

TIPS:

不能直接抄题目中的原话,要改写!改写!改写!

严格意义上来说,背景句和矛盾句是融为一体的,在讲背景的时候就可以直接提出矛盾的起因,然后再进一步明确矛盾点,起到点题的效果。

 

第三要素:表明态度

 

这是第一段中最重要的句子,目的是表明立意,所以必须得写得清楚~

 

态度分为支持、反对、中立、分情况讨论。

 

比如:

☑ My personal view is that ….

☑ I am convinced that….

分别说完了开头段中的3个必需部分,

我们来举个完整的栗子~

 

题目:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: all university students should be required to take basic science courses even if it is not the field of their study.

 

来自Emma老师的栗子:

(背景-上位词方法:)University education has been long taken as elite education where students can take four-year-time to delvelop deeper into subjects they major and become experts in respective fields. However, it is also advocated that university education has developed gradually toward mass education. (矛盾:)Therefore, when it comes to whether all undergraduates should be required to take basic science courses, people may take different standpoints. (态度:)I myself prefer the idea that taking basic science courses should not be a requirement for all university students.

 

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